SIZING OF GREENHOUSE
While trying to achieve maximum efficiency in production, for ensuring plant welfare and at the same time save money in the producer, some criteria of greenhouse sizing should be taken into consideration during the project design phase. These;
Plant row distance and plant row length should be taken into consideration.
In order to get the maximum efficiency from the plant, we need to observe the plant quality. In plant quality, the row spacing and row length should be well calculated so that the vegetative and generative organs of the plant can grow sufficiently in order for the plant to get enough macro and micro nutrients from the soil and vice versa. Row spacing and row length are important factors affecting greenhouse width.
Greenhouse roof shape should be taken into consideration.
Greenhouse models, in other words, roof shapes affect climate factors such as humidity and temperature required by the plant, while also affecting the resistance of the greenhouse to the current climate conditions and the width of the greenhouse.
The type and amount of plants to be grown should be taken into consideration.
The optimum growing area of the product to be cultivated per plant should be well known. Greenhouse size planning should be done by calculating this area together with the amount of plants to be grown.
Workers capacity to work in the greenhouse should be calculated.
The welfare of the worker who will work in the greenhouse should be taken into consideration as much as the plant to grow in the greenhouse. Accordingly, the width of the greenhouse should be calculated, where there will be enough healthy air and workers can work with maximum efficiency.
The size of the area to be installed in the greenhouse should be taken into consideration.
The greenhouse should be calculated individually or collectively, considering the situation in the future where the greenhouse will be built, such as any additional building or facility, or whether a change will be made in the greenhouse.
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The heat must be homogeneous in the greenhouse.
The desired temperature in the greenhouse is not intended to be collected in one area of the greenhouse, but to be distributed homogeneously in the greenhouse.Accordingly, greenhouses should not be long enough to disrupt heat balance.
Easy of work in the greenhouse should be provided
Greenhouse length is as important as greenhouse width. The greenhouse length should not shorten the working area and cause difficulty in working for machines or workers.
The type, height and amount of the plant to be grown must be determined.
Plant type, height and amount to be grown should be taken into consideration. Because the plant should grow comfortably in the greenhouse, the desired temperature for the plant in the greenhouse with minimum cost and the required ambient air for the plant should be calculated well.
Current climatic conditions must be taken into calculation.
Heating and cooling of greenhouses is done with extra energy and cost, and the temperature inside the greenhouse is related to altitude. Therefore, while calculating the height of the greenhouse, the current climate conditions of the region to be installed should be taken into consideration.
It should be taken into account whether there will be machine use in the greenhouse.
Greenhouse heights should be calculated by considering the working heights of these machines and the entrance and exit of the greenhouse, if there is a machine to be used, whether or not to use the machine from the cultivation of the plant to be harvested and harvested.
As will be understood, the criteria to be considered in the sizing of greenhouses are important for plant and employee welfare. In addition, while increasing the efficiency obtained from the production, it can significantly reduce the unnecessary cost burden within the farmer